Vitamins and minerals provide the foundation of the essential nutrients needed by the body. They are packed in to fruits and vegetables, but most people do not consume enough from their diet.
A person may take one of these vitamins and one of those minerals, but the great thing about a multiple vitamin mineral is that they are all put together in one supplement to provide balance. They act in concert and have functional roles that help the body stay healthy. These key compounds are involved in taking food that we consume and turning it into useable energy and help to repair cellular damage.
Energy pathways in the body need stay healthy and maintained with vitamins such as B vitamins which are used as cofactors to make energy.
The Brain needs nutrients such as certain B vitamins, vitamin C, calcium, zinc and magnesium to help cognitive function, learning and memory.
The Skin is nourished by beta carotene
Bone Health - Bones require calcium and vitamin D with other bone supporting nutrients such as magnesium, boron, manganese, zinc and copper.
Heart and blood vessels need nutrients like Vitamin C and E as well as the B vitamins to keep healthy.
Vitamin A (beta carotene)
Vitamin A, in the form of beta carotene is a fat soluble vitamin that provides the orange, yellow and red coloring to vegetables. In the body, the beta carotene is converted into vitamin A. Vitamin A is essential for vision, healthy skin, bones and teeth. It plays a key role in cell growth, gene expression and immune function.
Complex of B Vitamins
B complex, water soluble vitamins include thiamin, niacin, riboflavin, folic acid, biotin, B-6, B-12 and pantothenic acid. As we consume food, some of these B vitamins are needed in the body as cofactors to make energy and a few help to make protein. They are important alone, but work together in unison. Methyl folate is the special active form of folic acid that has been shown to help with mood.
Vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
Vitamin C is a water soluble vitamin with antioxidant properties to help protect the body from damaging free radicals. The immune system cells need vitamin C for protection. It is essential to make collagen, which is used for joints to bring about healing and for the skin.
Vitamin D is a fat soluble vitamin that is used to promote absorption and maintain calcium and phosphorus levels in the body. It may be difficult to consume enough vitamin D from the diet if one is not drinking fortified milk. There is a great deal of research now that demonstrates vitamin D is necessary for immune function.
Vitamin E is a fat soluble vitamin with powerful antioxidant properties, helping to protect cell membranes from free radicals. Vitamin E is also imperative for the functioning of red blood cells, for bones and also for the nervous system to keep healthy.
Calcium is an essential mineral found in bones and also in teeth. It is an electrolyte required for metabolic purposes and muscle contractions. It is needed for the muscles, heart and nerves to perform their functions.
Magnesium is a mineral necessary for functioning of cellular metabolic pathways and is a cofactor involved in over 300 enzymatic reactions. It is used by the body for nerve function, muscles, bones, blood sugar and blood pressure.
Zinc is such an important mineral needed throughout the body. It has been shown to be important for immune system health, but also used to make DNA and used in metabolism and growth.
Copper is an essential mineral for maintaining the immune system, but is also needed for connective tissue, blood vessels, the brain and to make energy.
Manganese is a mineral that you do not hear much about, but it is critical for strong bones, and in protecting cells from becoming damaged. It is also needed for the immune system and for blood clotting.
Selenium is a mineral that has good antioxidant properties and is needed for DNA production, thyroid gland function and reproduction. In men, selenium has been shown to be protective for the prostate.
Chromium is a trace mineral that has been known by research investigators to help maintain blood sugar levels. It is needed during metabolism to breakdown carbohydrates and fat and necessary for brain function.
Potassium is an important mineral, essential for proper kidney and heart function, muscle contraction, and nerve transmission. As an electrolyte it helps maintain fluid balance in the body.
Boron is a trace element that has a number of biological functions including bone health and calcium metabolism.
Other supporting nutrients
Inositol is a vitamin like compound that is made by the body. It plays a role as a key part of cell membranes.
PABA (para-aminobenzoic acid)
Para-aminobenzoic acid (PABA) is not a vitamin, although it is called vitamin B10 and is found in foods such as whole grains, organ meats and spinach. It is believed to support the hair and skin.
Citrus Bioflavonoids (hesperidin)
Citrus bioflavonoids are found in the rinds of sweet oranges and lemons providing health benefits.
Choline is a compound that is similar to a B vitamin. Choline is used in the body to make phosphatidylcholine and another phospholipid, which is important for cell membranes.
Rutin is found in the pigment of some vegetables and fruit. Pigments always are a good source of powerful nutrients providing antioxidants.
Rosemary Extract (leaves)
Rosemary is a well-known plant with the leaves being used as a spice in cooking, but also has been shown to have antioxidant properties.
Grape Seed Extract
Grape seed extract is made from the seeds of wine grapes. A lot of research has been performed with it because of its important bioactives.
Alpha-lipoic acid (ALA) is a compound which is made by the cell’s mitochondria. The mitochondria is known as the powerhouse of the cell because it takes the food that you eat and converts it into useable energy. ALA has antioxidant properties.
Ginkgo Biloba Extract
A botanical that has been used traditionally by the Chinese for health benefits with antioxidant benefits.
Lycopene is the rich pigment found in red tomatoes and pink fruits like watermelons and pink grapefruit. It is a compound that has been studied extensively for its health benefits.
Charoenngam N, Holick MF. Immunologic Effects of Vitamin D on Human Health and Disease. Nutrients. 2020;12(7):2097:1-28.
DePhillipo NN, Aman ZS, Kennedy MI, et al. Efficacy of Vitamin C Supplementation on Collagen Synthesis and Oxidative Stress After Musculoskeletal Injuries: A Systematic Review. Orthop J Sports Med. 2018;6(10):1-8.